Curriculum in Montessori
A Montessori classroom is not like any regular classroom. It is divided into five different areas. Dr. Maria Montessori believed in Education through play and practical learning.
A Montessori Curriculum offers 5 areas of study :
Practical Life :
From a very early age, children should be taught simple things like dressing themselves on their own, making their own bed, putting away their toys and books. They should be encouraged to keep their plate back in the kitchen, help in peeling eggs, potatoes, peas etc. and setting of table. They are taught simple courtesies of life, like saying thank you, sorry and please. Teaching these basic etiquette makes the child, kind, humble and patient.
Language Area :
In this area, the child learns the letters of the English Language with the help of phonics, joining these letters to form words and writing skills. All these are taught through fun activities. Simple materials like a sand paper is given to the child for him to practice writing letters. Also there a lot of story books kept in this area with bright and colorful pictures for the children to read and enjoy themselves.The teacher also tells them stories in a group and sometimes they organised fun puppet shows and crafts based on the story. They are also encouraged to talk freely and express their views which helps them to improve their vocabulary.
With the help of various fun activities, children learn numbers, the concept of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. A lot of emphasis is made on hands on learning to teach children about quantities, place values, ascending or descending order. This practical approach helps them to understand the concept thoroughly. For example, they are given a rod with 10 different colored balls. This children learn the sequence counting.
Sensorial study is given a lot of importance in a Montessori curriculum. It is very important even for a small baby to be aware of his senses and a lot of activities are done for the child to be able to explore his five senses. A child is provided with various materials to explore, see the different shapes, colors, feel , touch and have fun with different textures. It teaches them how to classify, sort and differentiate different materials. Sensorial study lays the foundation for other subjects is future , like geometry, math, science and art.
Cultural Studies :
Subjects, like art, geography, history, science and music is integrated in such a wonderful way that the children not only learn about their culture but also learn about the world around them. For example, while learning about pyramids, they learn geometry too. Children learn to appreciate all over the world. They learn that people living in different parts of the world are not same. They learn about their food, clothes and can easily compare with theirs . They understand that every country has a different language.
All this is taught in a prepared environment. The activities are laid out for children and everyday the child chooses what he would like to do. Each class room has a three hour work window where the student has ample time to work on an activity. If there is an error, they ask the teacher, who helps as guide and the child rectifies the error on his own.
‘This post is a part of Blogchatter Half Marathon.’