In simple terms, phonics means teaching letter sounds, so that the children can read and write words easily.
The traditional way of teaching the English Language involves showing children the whole words and asking them to memorize them. All of us are brought up with the traditional way of learning the English Language, i.e the whole word system. The traditional way is also not wrong but if a child learns the language with the help of phonics, he can read faster and become proficient in reading.
In Phonics, the first step is to introduce the letter sound. When the child sees the letter, the child can speak both the name of the letter and its sound.
After the letter sound, the child is taught how to blend two letters together with the help of sounds.If the child knows the letter sounds, he will definitely try to blend and use the phonics rules to read the word. This also gives him the confidence that he can read because he will definitely try to read more words.
The next step is to segment a big word and read the word.
There is no guessing of words when a child reads with the help of phonics.Children who learn phonics are able to decode the words which aids in the development and recognition of words.The more words they recognize, the easier it becomes for them to read more words.
A child who know phonics rules and blends becomes an independent reader faster than the one who is not aware if the phonics rules. The reading fluency helps in reading comprehension. When they read independently they are able to understand easily what they are reading.
Children love story books. When they are young, we read aloud to them but once they learn the letter sounds and blends, they pick up a book themselves and read on their own. They even try to join letters and words which they do not know.
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